The human-dog relationship goes back thousands of years. Studies suggest that domestication began around 27,000 to 40,000 years ago when wolves started showing up in human camps in search of food.
Despite their physical differences, dogs and humans have more in common than you might think.
3. Puppies Understand Humans Better Than Wolf Puppies Domestication has transformed dogs from their wolf ancestors.
Dogs rely heavily on their sense of smell. They possess around 300 olfactory receptors in their noses, while humans have only 4 million.
Dogs can recognize their owners through facial recognition. Research has shown that they can pick out their owners in a crowd, emphasizing the importance of visual cues in their bond with humans.
Dogs are skilled at reading human emotions by combining their sense of sight and hearing. They can discern six different emotions in humans: anger, sadness, surprise, fear, happiness, and disgust.
Petting a dog has been scientifically proven to lower cortisol (the stress hormone) and increase oxytocin (the feel-good hormone).
Dogs, like humans, release oxytocin, further strengthening the bond between them and their owners. This hormone promotes affectionate behavior and attachment.
Owning a dog can lead to reduced stress and increased physical activity, contributing to better heart health. Dogs encourage their owners to exercise, which is directly linked to cardiovascular well-being.
Dogs provide companionship, helping combat loneliness. They offer a lasting friendship that can alleviate feelings of isolation and depression.